Etymology
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hit (v.)

late Old English hyttan, hittan "come upon, meet with, fall in with, 'hit' upon," from a Scandinavian source such as Old Norse hitta "to light upon, meet with," also "to hit, strike;" Swedish hitta "to find," Danish and Norwegian hitte "to hit, find," from Proto-Germanic *hitjan, which is of uncertain origin. Meaning shifted in late Old English period to "strike, come into forcible contact" via the notion of "to reach with a blow or missile," and the word displaced Old English slean (modern slay) in this sense. Original sense survives in phrases such as hit it off (1780, earlier in same sense hit it, 1630s) and is revived in slang hit on (1970s).

To hit the bottle "drink alcohol" is from 1933 (hit the booze in the same sense is from 1889, and hit the pipe "smoke opium" is also late 19c.). To figuratively hit the nail on the head (1570s) is from archery. To hit the hay "go to bed" is from 1912. Hit the road "leave" is from 1873; hit the bricks is from 1909, originally trade union jargon meaning "go out on strike." To hit (someone) up "request something" is from 1917. To not know what hit (one) is from 1923. Related: Hitting.

hit (n.)

late 15c., "a rebuke;" 1590s, "a blow, stroke," from hit (v.). Meaning "successful play, song, person," etc., 1811, is from the verbal sense of "to hit the mark, succeed" (c. 1400). Underworld slang meaning "a killing" is from 1970, from the criminal slang verb meaning "to kill by plan" (1955). Meaning "dose of narcotic" is 1951, from phrases such as hit the bottle.

updated on December 07, 2018

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Definitions of hit from WordNet
1
hit (v.)
cause to move by striking;
hit a ball
hit (v.)
hit against; come into sudden contact with;
The car hit a tree
Synonyms: strike / impinge on / run into / collide with
hit (v.)
deal a blow to, either with the hand or with an instrument;
He hit her hard in the face
hit (v.)
reach a destination, either real or abstract;
I have to hit the MAC machine before the weekend starts
We hit Detroit by noon
Synonyms: reach / make / attain / arrive at / gain
hit (v.)
affect or afflict suddenly, usually adversely;
We were hit by really bad weather
Synonyms: strike /
hit (v.)
hit with a missile from a weapon;
Synonyms: shoot / pip
hit (v.)
encounter by chance;
Synonyms: stumble
hit (v.)
gain points in a game;
He hit .300 in the past season
He hit a home run
Synonyms: score / tally / rack up
hit (v.)
cause to experience suddenly;
An interesting idea hit her
Synonyms: strike / come to
hit (v.)
make a strategic, offensive, assault against an enemy, opponent, or a target;
Synonyms: strike
hit (v.)
kill intentionally and with premeditation;
Synonyms: murder / slay / dispatch / bump off / off / polish off / remove
hit (v.)
drive something violently into a location;
he hit his fist on the table
Synonyms: strike
hit (v.)
reach a point in time, or a certain state or level;
The thermometer hit 100 degrees
Synonyms: reach / attain
hit (v.)
produce by manipulating keys or strings of musical instruments;
Synonyms: strike
hit (v.)
hit the intended target or goal;
hit (v.)
pay unsolicited and usually unwanted sexual attention to;
He tries to hit on women in bars
2
hit (n.)
(baseball) a successful stroke in an athletic contest (especially in baseball);
he came all the way around on Williams' hit
hit (n.)
the act of contacting one thing with another;
repeated hitting raised a large bruise
after three misses she finally got a hit
Synonyms: hitting / striking
hit (n.)
a conspicuous success;
that song was his first hit and marked the beginning of his career
Synonyms: smash / smasher / strike / bang
hit (n.)
(physics) a brief event in which two or more bodies come together;
Synonyms: collision
hit (n.)
a dose of a narcotic drug;
hit (n.)
a murder carried out by an underworld syndicate;
it has all the earmarks of a Mafia hit
hit (n.)
a connection made via the internet to another website;
WordNet gets many hits from users worldwide
From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.