Etymology
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hiccup (n.)

1570s, hickop, earlier hicket, hyckock, "a word meant to imitate the sound produced by the convulsion of the diaphragm" [Abram Smythe Palmer, "Folk-Etymology," London, 1882]. Compare French hoquet, Danish hikke, Persian hikuk, Hindi hichki, etc. Modern spelling first recorded 1788; An Old English word for it was ælfsogoða, so called because hiccups were thought to be caused by elves.

hiccup (v.)

1570s; see hiccup (n.).

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Definitions of hiccup
1
hiccup (v.)
breathe spasmodically, and make a sound;
When you have to hiccup, drink a glass of cold water
Synonyms: hiccough
2
hiccup (n.)
(usually plural) the state of having reflex spasms of the diaphragm accompanied by a rapid closure of the glottis producing an audible sound; sometimes a symptom of indigestion;
how do you cure the hiccups?
Synonyms: hiccough / singultus
From wordnet.princeton.edu