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hegemony (n.)

1560s, "preponderance, dominance, leadership," originally of predominance of one city state or another in Greek history; from Greek hēgemonia "leadership, a leading the way, a going first;" also "the authority or sovereignty of one city-state over a number of others," as Athens in Attica, Thebes in Boeotia; from hēgemon "leader, an authority, commander, sovereign," from hēgeisthai "to lead," perhaps originally "to track down," from PIE *sag-eyo-, from root *sag- "to seek out, track down, trace" (see seek). In reference to modern situations from 1850, at first of Prussia in relation to other German states.

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Definitions of hegemony from WordNet

hegemony (n.)
the dominance or leadership of one social group or nation over others;
the hegemony of a single member state is not incompatible with a genuine confederation
the consolidation of the United States' hegemony over a new international economic system
to say they have priority is not to say they have complete hegemony
From wordnet.princeton.edu