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hedge (n.)

Old English hecg "hedge," originally any fence, living or artificial, from West Germanic *hagjo (source also of Middle Dutch hegge, Dutch heg, Old High German hegga, German Hecke "hedge"), from a verb *hagjanan, from PIE root *kagh- "to catch, seize; wickerwork, fence" (source also of Latin caulae "a sheepfold, enclosure," Gaulish caio "circumvallation," Welsh cae "fence, hedge"). Related to Old English haga "enclosure, hedge" (see haw (n.)).

Figurative sense of "boundary, barrier" is from mid-14c. As hedges were "often used by vagabonds as places of shelter or resort" [Century Dictionary], the word, compounded, "notes something mean, vile, of the lowest class" [Johnson], from contemptuous attributive sense of "plying one's trade under a hedge" (hedge-priest, hedge-lawyer, hedge-wench, etc.), a usage attested from 1530s. The noun in the betting sense is from 1736 (see hedge (v.)).

hedge (v.)

late 14c., "make a hedge," also "surround with a barricade or palisade;" from hedge (n.). The intransitive sense of "dodge, evade, avoid committing oneself" is first recorded 1590s, on the notion of hiding as if in a hedge. That of "insure oneself against loss," as in a bet, by playing something on the other side is from 1670s, originally with in; probably from an earlier use of hedge in meaning "secure (a debt) by including it in a larger one which has better security" (1610s). Related: Hedged; hedging. The noun in the wagering sense is from 1736.

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Definitions of hedge from WordNet
1
hedge (v.)
avoid or try to avoid fulfilling, answering, or performing (duties, questions, or issues);
Synonyms: fudge / evade / put off / circumvent / parry / elude / skirt / dodge / duck / sidestep
hedge (v.)
hinder or restrict with or as if with a hedge;
The animals were hedged in
hedge (v.)
enclose or bound in with or as it with a hedge or hedges;
hedge the property
Synonyms: hedge in
hedge (v.)
minimize loss or risk;
diversify your financial portfolio to hedge price risks
hedge your bets
2
hedge (n.)
a fence formed by a row of closely planted shrubs or bushes;
Synonyms: hedgerow
hedge (n.)
any technique designed to reduce or eliminate financial risk; for example, taking two positions that will offset each other if prices change;
Synonyms: hedging
hedge (n.)
an intentionally noncommittal or ambiguous statement;
Synonyms: hedging
From wordnet.princeton.edu