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head (n.)

Old English heafod "top of the body," also "upper end of a slope," also "chief person, leader, ruler; capital city," from Proto-Germanic *haubid (source also of Old Saxon hobid, Old Norse hofuð, Old Frisian haved, Middle Dutch hovet, Dutch hoofd, Old High German houbit, German Haupt, Gothic haubiþ "head"), from PIE root *kaput- "head."

Modern spelling is early 15c., representing what was then a long vowel (as in heat) and remained after pronunciation shifted. Of rounded tops of plants from late 14c. Meaning "origin of a river" is mid-14c. Meaning "obverse of a coin" (the side with the portrait) is from 1680s; meaning "foam on a mug of beer" is first attested 1540s; meaning "toilet" is from 1748, based on location of crew toilet in the bow (or head) of a ship.

Synechdochic use for "person" (as in head count) is first attested late 13c.; of cattle, etc., in this sense from 1510s. As a height measure of persons, from c. 1300. Meaning "drug addict" (usually in a compound with the preferred drug as the first element) is from 1911.

To be over (one's) head "beyond one's comprehension" is by 1620s. To give head "perform fellatio" is from 1950s. Phrase heads will roll "people will be punished" (1930) translates Adolf Hitler. Head case "eccentric or insane person" is from 1966. Head game "mental manipulation" attested by 1972.

head (v.)

"to be at the head or in the lead," c. 1200, from head (n.). Meaning "to direct the head (toward)" is from c. 1600. Related: headed, heading. The earliest use of the word as a verb meant "behead" (Old English heafdian). Verbal phrase head up "supervise, direct" is attested by 1930.

head (adj.)

"most important, principal, leading," c. 1200, from head (n.). Old English heafod was used in this sense in compounds.

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Definitions of head from WordNet
1
head (n.)
the upper part of the human body or the front part of the body in animals; contains the face and brains;
he stuck his head out the window
Synonyms: caput
head (n.)
a single domestic animal;
200 head of cattle
head (n.)
that which is responsible for one's thoughts, feelings, and conscious brain functions; the seat of the faculty of reason;
I couldn't get his words out of my head
Synonyms: mind / brain / psyche / nous
head (n.)
a person who is in charge;
the head of the whole operation
Synonyms: chief / top dog
head (n.)
the front of a military formation or procession;
they were at the head of the attack
the head of the column advanced boldly
head (n.)
the pressure exerted by a fluid;
a head of steam
head (n.)
the top of something;
the head of the page
the head of the stairs
the head of the list
head (n.)
the source of water from which a stream arises;
they tracked him back toward the head of the stream
Synonyms: fountainhead / headspring
head (n.)
(grammar) the word in a grammatical constituent that plays the same grammatical role as the whole constituent;
Synonyms: head word
head (n.)
the tip of an abscess (where the pus accumulates);
head (n.)
the length or height based on the size of a human or animal head;
his horse won by a head
he is two heads taller than his little sister
head (n.)
a dense cluster of flowers or foliage;
a head of lettuce
a head of cauliflower
Synonyms: capitulum
head (n.)
the educator who has executive authority for a school;
Synonyms: principal / school principal / head teacher
head (n.)
an individual person;
tickets are $5 per head
head (n.)
a user of (usually soft) drugs;
the office was full of secret heads
head (n.)
a natural elevation (especially a rocky one that juts out into the sea);
Synonyms: promontory / headland / foreland
head (n.)
a rounded compact mass;
the head of a comet
head (n.)
the foam or froth that accumulates at the top when you pour an effervescent liquid into a container;
the beer had a large head of foam
head (n.)
the part in the front or nearest the viewer;
he was at the head of the column
Synonyms: forefront
head (n.)
a difficult juncture;
matters came to a head yesterday
Synonyms: pass / straits
head (n.)
forward movement;
Synonyms: headway
head (n.)
a V-shaped mark at one end of an arrow pointer;
Synonyms: point
head (n.)
the subject matter at issue;
under the head of minor Roman poets
Synonyms: question
head (n.)
a line of text serving to indicate what the passage below it is about;
the heading seemed to have little to do with the text
Synonyms: heading / header
head (n.)
the rounded end of a bone that fits into a rounded cavity in another bone to form a joint;
the head of the humerus
head (n.)
that part of a skeletal muscle that is away from the bone that it moves;
head (n.)
(computer science) a tiny electromagnetic coil and metal pole used to write and read magnetic patterns on a disk;
Synonyms: read/write head
head (n.)
(usually plural) the obverse side of a coin that usually bears the representation of a person's head;
call heads or tails!
head (n.)
the striking part of a tool;
the head of the hammer
head (n.)
(nautical) a toilet on board a boat or ship;
head (n.)
a projection out from one end;
the head of the nail
head (n.)
a membrane that is stretched taut over a drum;
Synonyms: drumhead
head (n.)
oral stimulation of the genitals;
they say he gives good head
Synonyms: oral sex
2
head (v.)
to go or travel towards;
We were headed for the mountains
where is she heading
head (v.)
be in charge of;
Who is heading this project?
Synonyms: lead
head (v.)
travel in front of; go in advance of others;
The procession was headed by John
Synonyms: lead
head (v.)
be the first or leading member of (a group) and excel;
This student heads the class
Synonyms: head up
head (v.)
direct the course; determine the direction of travelling;
Synonyms: steer / maneuver / manoeuver / manoeuvre / direct / point / guide / channelize / channelise
head (v.)
take its rise;
These rivers head from a mountain range in the Himalayas
head (v.)
be in the front of or on top of;
The list was headed by the name of the president
head (v.)
form a head or come or grow to a head;
The wheat headed early this year
head (v.)
remove the head of;
head the fish
From wordnet.princeton.edu