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hardwood (n.)

1560s, from hard (adj.) + wood (n.). That from deciduous trees, as distinguished from that from pines and firs. Bartlett ("Dictionary of Americanisms," 1848) defines it as "A term applied to woods of solid texture that soon decay, including generally, beech, birch, maple, ash, &c. Used by shipwrights and farmers in Maine, in opposition to oak and pine."

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Definitions of hardwood from WordNet

hardwood (n.)
the wood of broad-leaved dicotyledonous trees (as distinguished from the wood of conifers);
From wordnet.princeton.edu