Etymology
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hackamore (n.)

halter chiefly used for breaking horses, 1850, American English, of uncertain origin. OED and Klein suggests a corruption of Spanish jaquima (earlier xaquima) "halter, headstall of a horse," which Klein suggests is from Arabic shakimah "bit of a bridle, curb, restraint."

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Definitions of hackamore

hackamore (n.)
rope or canvas headgear for a horse, with a rope for leading;
Synonyms: halter
From wordnet.princeton.edu