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group (n.)

1690s, originally an art criticism term, "assemblage of figures or objects forming a harmonious whole in a painting or design," from French groupe "cluster, group" (17c.), from Italian gruppo "group, knot," which probably is, with Spanish grupo, from a Germanic source, from Proto-Germanic *kruppaz "round mass, lump," part of the general group of Germanic kr- words with the sense "rounded mass" (such as crop (n.).

Extended to "any assemblage, a number of individuals related in some way" by 1736. Meaning "pop music combo" is from 1958. As it was borrowed after the Great Vowel Shift in English, the pronunciation of the -ou- follows French rather than English models.

group (v.)

"form into a group or groups," 1718 (transitive), 1801 (intransitive), from group (n.). Related: Grouped; grouping.

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Definitions of group from WordNet
1
group (n.)
any number of entities (members) considered as a unit;
Synonyms: grouping
group (n.)
(chemistry) two or more atoms bound together as a single unit and forming part of a molecule;
Synonyms: radical / chemical group
group (n.)
a set that is closed, associative, has an identity element and every element has an inverse;
Synonyms: mathematical group
2
group (v.)
arrange into a group or groups;
Can you group these shapes together?
group (v.)
form a group or group together;
Synonyms: aggroup
From wordnet.princeton.edu