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gross (adj.)

mid-14c., "large;" early 15c., "thick," also "coarse, plain, simple," from Old French gros "big, thick, fat; tall; strong, powerful; pregnant; coarse, rude, awkward; ominous, important; arrogant" (11c.), from Late Latin grossus "thick, coarse" (of food or mind), in Medieval Latin "great, big" (source also of Spanish grueso, Italian grosso), a word of obscure origin, not in classical Latin. Said to be unrelated to Latin crassus, which meant the same thing, or to German gross "large," but said by Klein to be cognate with Old Irish bres, Middle Irish bras "big."

Its meaning forked in English. Via the notion of "coarse in texture or quality" came the senses "not sensitive, dull stupid" (1520s), "vulgar, coarse in a moral sense" (1530s). Via notion of "general, not in detail" came the sense "entire, total, whole, without deductions" (early 15c.), as in gross national product (1947). Meaning "glaring, flagrant, monstrous" is from 1580s; modern meaning "disgusting" is first recorded 1958 in U.S. student slang, from earlier use as an intensifier of unpleasant things (gross stupidity, etc.).

gross (n.)

"a dozen dozen," early 15c., from Old French grosse douzaine "large dozen;" see gross (adj.). Earlier as the name of a measure of weight equal to one-eighth of a dram (early 15c.). Sense of "total profit" (opposed to net (adj.)) is from 1520s.

gross (v.)

"to earn a total of," 1884, from gross (adj.) in the "whole, total" sense. Slang meaning "make (someone) disgusted" (usually with out) is from 1971. Related: Grossed; grossing.

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Definitions of gross from WordNet
1
gross (adj.)
without qualification; used informally as (often pejorative) intensifiers;
gross negligence
Synonyms: arrant / complete / consummate / double-dyed / everlasting / perfect / pure / sodding / stark / staring / thorough / thoroughgoing / utter / unadulterated
gross (adj.)
conspicuously and outrageously bad or reprehensible;
gross injustice
gross ineptitude
Synonyms: crying / egregious / flagrant / glaring / rank
gross (adj.)
before any deductions;
gross income
gross (adj.)
lacking fine distinctions or detail;
the gross details of the structure appear reasonable
gross (adj.)
repellently fat;
Synonyms: porcine
gross (adj.)
visible to the naked eye (especially of rocks and anatomical features);
Synonyms: megascopic
gross (adj.)
conspicuously and tastelessly indecent;
a revoltingly gross expletive
Synonyms: crude / earthy / vulgar
2
gross (n.)
twelve dozen;
Synonyms: "
gross (n.)
the entire amount of income before any deductions are made;
Synonyms: revenue / receipts
3
gross (v.)
earn before taxes, expenses, etc.;
From wordnet.princeton.edu