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graphite (n.)

"black lead," 1796, from German Graphit, coined 1789 by German mineralogist Abraham Gottlob Werner (1750-1817) from Greek graphein "write" (see -graphy) + mineral suffix -ite. So called because it was used in making pencils. Related: Graphitic.

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Definitions of graphite from WordNet

graphite (n.)
used as a lubricant and as a moderator in nuclear reactors;
Synonyms: black lead / plumbago
From wordnet.princeton.edu