Etymology
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grant (n.)

late 14c., "something granted; authoritative bestowal of a privilege, etc.," from Anglo-French graunt, Old French graant, collateral variant of creant "promise, assurance, vow; agreement, pact; will, wish, pleasure," from creanter "be pleasing; assure, promise, guarantee; confirm, authorize" (see grant (v.)). Earlier in English in now-obsolete sense of "allowance, permission" (c. 1200). Especially "money formally granted by an authority" from c. 1800. In American English, especially of land, from c. 1700.

grant (v.)

in early use also graunt, early 13c., "to allow, permit (something); consent to (a prayer, request, etc.)," from Old French graanter, variant of creanter "assure, promise, guarantee, swear; confirm, authorize, approve (of)," from Latin credentem (nominative credens), present participle of credere "to believe, to trust" (see credo). From c. 1300 as "transfer possession of in any formal way." Meaning "admit to be true, acknowledge" in English is from c. 1300; hence to take (something) for granted "regard as not requiring proof" (1610s). The irregular change of -c- to -g- in Old French is perhaps from influence of garantir. Related: Granted; granting.

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Definitions of grant
1
grant (v.)
let have;
grant permission
Synonyms: allow
grant (v.)
give as judged due or on the basis of merit;
Funds are granted to qualified researchers
Synonyms: award
grant (v.)
be willing to concede;
I grant you this much
Synonyms: concede / yield
grant (v.)
allow to have;
grant a privilege
Synonyms: accord / allot
grant (v.)
bestow, especially officially;
This bill grants us new rights
grant a degree
Synonyms: give
grant (v.)
give over; surrender or relinquish to the physical control of another;
Synonyms: concede / yield / cede
grant (v.)
transfer by deed;
grant land
Synonyms: deed over
2
grant (n.)
any monetary aid;
grant (n.)
the act of providing a subsidy;
Synonyms: subsidization / subsidisation
grant (n.)
(law) a transfer of property by deed of conveyance;
Synonyms: assignment
grant (n.)
a contract granting the right to operate a subsidiary business;
Synonyms: concession
grant (n.)
a right or privilege that has been granted;
3
Grant (n.)
Scottish painter; cousin of Lytton Strachey and member of the Bloomsbury Group (1885-1978);
Synonyms: Duncan Grant / Duncan James Corrow Grant
Grant (n.)
United States actor (born in England) who was the elegant leading man in many films (1904-1986);
Synonyms: Cary Grant
Grant (n.)
18th President of the United States; commander of the Union armies in the American Civil War (1822-1885);
Synonyms: Ulysses Grant / Ulysses S. Grant / Ulysses Simpson Grant / Hiram Ulysses Grant / President Grant
From wordnet.princeton.edu