Etymology
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government (n.)

late 14c., "act of governing or ruling;" 1550s, "system by which a thing is governed" (especially a state), from Old French governement "control, direction, administration" (Modern French gouvernement), from governer "to steer, be at the helm of; govern, rule, command, direct," from Latin gubernare "to direct, rule, guide, govern," originally "to steer, to pilot"(see govern). Meaning "governing power" in a given place is from 1702. Compare governance.

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Definitions of government

government (n.)
the organization that is the governing authority of a political unit;
the government reduced taxes
Synonyms: authorities / regime
government (n.)
the act of governing; exercising authority;
he had considerable experience of government
Synonyms: governing / governance / government activity / administration
government (n.)
(government) the system or form by which a community or other political unit is governed;
tyrannical government
government (n.)
the study of government of states and other political units;
Synonyms: politics / political science
From wordnet.princeton.edu