Etymology
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govern (v.)

late 13c., "to rule with authority," from Old French governer "steer, be at the helm of; govern, rule, command, direct" (11c., Modern French gouverner), from Latin gubernare "to direct, rule, guide, govern" (source also of Spanish gobernar, Italian governare), originally "to steer, to pilot," a nautical borrowing from Greek kybernan "to steer or pilot a ship, direct as a pilot," figuratively "to guide, govern" (the root of cybernetics). The -k- to -g- sound shift is perhaps via the medium of Etruscan. Intransitive sense from 1590s. Related: Governed; governing.

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Definitions of govern

govern (v.)
bring into conformity with rules or principles or usage; impose regulations;
Synonyms: regulate / regularize / regularise / order /
govern (v.)
direct or strongly influence the behavior of;
His belief in God governs his conduct
govern (v.)
exercise authority over; as of nations;
Who is governing the country now?
Synonyms: rule
govern (v.)
require to be in a certain grammatical case, voice, or mood;
most transitive verbs govern the accusative case in German
From wordnet.princeton.edu