instrument for measuring solid angles, 1766, from Greek gōnia "corner, angle" (from PIE root *genu- (1) "knee; angle") + -meter. Related: Goniometry.
Proto-Indo-European root meaning "knee; angle."
It forms all or part of: agonic; decagon; diagonal; geniculate; genuflect; genuflection; -gon; goniometer; heptagon; hexagon; knee; kneel; octagon; orthogonal; pentagon; polygon; trigonometry.
It is the hypothetical source of/evidence for its existence is provided by: Sanskrit janu, Avestan znum, Hittite genu "knee;" Greek gony "knee," gōnia "corner, angle;" Latin genu "knee;" Old English cneo, cneow "knee."