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glaucoma (n.)

1640s (cataracts and glaucoma not distinguished until c. 1705), from Latinized form of Greek glaukoma "cataract, opacity of the lens," perhaps from glaukommatos "gray-eyed," with omma "the eye" + glaukos, an adjective of uncertain origin (see glaucous).

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Definitions of glaucoma from WordNet

glaucoma (n.)
an eye disease that damages the optic nerve and impairs vision (sometimes progressing to blindness);
contrary to popular belief, glaucoma is not always caused by elevated intraocular pressure
From wordnet.princeton.edu