Etymology
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glass (n.)

Old English glæs "glass; a glass vessel," from Proto-Germanic *glasam "glass" (source also of Old Saxon glas, Middle Dutch and Dutch glas, German Glas, Old Norse gler "glass, looking glass," Danish glar), from PIE root *ghel- (2) "to shine," with derivatives denoting bright colors or materials. The PIE root also is the ancestor of widespread words for gray, blue, green, and yellow, such as Old English glær "amber," Latin glaesum "amber" (which might be from Germanic), Old Irish glass "green, blue, gray," Welsh glas "blue."

Restricted sense of "drinking glass" is from early 13c. and now excludes other glass vessels. Meaning "a glass mirror" is from 14c. Meaning "glass filled with running sand to measure time" is from 1550s; meaning "observing instrument" is from 1610s.

glass (v.)

late 14c., "to fit with glass;" 1570s, "to cover with glass," from glass (n.). Related: Glassed; glassing.

glass (adj.)

Old English glæs, from glass (v.). Middle English also had an adjective glazen, from Old English glæsen. The glass snake (1736, actually a limbless lizard) is so called for the fragility of its tail. The glass slipper in "Cinderella" perhaps is an error by Charles Perrault, translating in 1697, mistaking Old French voir "ermine, fur" for verre "glass." In other versions of the tale it is a fur slipper. The proverb about people in glass houses throwing stones is attested by 1779, but earlier forms go back to 17c.:

Who hath glass-windows of his own must take heed how he throws stones at his house. ... He that hath a body made of glass must not throw stones at another. [John Ray, "Handbook of Proverbs," 1670]

Glass-house is from late 14c. as "glass factory," 1838 as "greenhouse."

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Definitions of glass
1
glass (n.)
a brittle transparent solid with irregular atomic structure;
glass (n.)
a container made of glass for holding liquids while drinking;
Synonyms: drinking glass
glass (n.)
the quantity a glass will hold;
Synonyms: glassful
glass (n.)
a small refracting telescope;
Synonyms: field glass / spyglass
glass (n.)
an amphetamine derivative (trade name Methedrine) used in the form of a crystalline hydrochloride; used as a stimulant to the nervous system and as an appetite suppressant;
Synonyms: methamphetamine / methamphetamine hydrochloride / Methedrine / meth / deoxyephedrine / chalk / chicken feed / crank / ice / shabu / trash
glass (n.)
a mirror; usually a ladies' dressing mirror;
Synonyms: looking glass
glass (n.)
glassware collectively;
She collected old glass
2
glass (v.)
furnish with glass;
glass the windows
Synonyms: glaze
glass (v.)
scan (game in the forest) with binoculars;
glass (v.)
enclose with glass;
glass in a porch
Synonyms: glass in
glass (v.)
put in a glass container;
glass (v.)
become glassy or take on a glass-like appearance;
Synonyms: glaze / glass over / glaze over
From wordnet.princeton.edu