Etymology
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gittern (n.)

old wire-strung instrument like a guitar, late 14c., from Old French guiterne, obscurely from Latin cithara, from Greek kithara (see guitar).

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Definitions of gittern

gittern (n.)
a 16th century musical instrument resembling a guitar with a pear-shaped soundbox and wire strings;
Synonyms: cittern / cithern / cither / citole
From wordnet.princeton.edu