Etymology
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freestyle (n.)

also free-style, 1912, in swimming, in reference to a distance race in which the swimmers may use whatever stroke they choose; 1950 in general use, from free + style. The most common stroke is the front crawl, as this is generally the fastest. As an adjective, from 1957; as a verb, by 1970 (in martial arts).

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Definitions of freestyle

freestyle (n.)
a race (as in swimming) in which each contestant has a free choice of the style to use;
From wordnet.princeton.edu