Etymology
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fowl (n.)

Old English fugel "bird, feathered vertebrate," from Proto-Germanic *fuglaz, the general Germanic word for "bird" (source also of Old Saxon fugal, Old Frisian fugel, Old Norse fugl, Middle Dutch voghel, Dutch vogel, German vogel, Gothic fugls "a fowl, a bird"), perhaps a dissimilation of a word meaning literally "flyer," from PIE *pleuk-, from root *pleu- "to flow."

Displaced in its original sense by bird (n.); narrower sense of "barnyard hen or rooster" (the main modern meaning) is first recorded 1570s; in U.S. this was extended to domestic ducks and geese.

fowl (v.)

Old English fuglian "to catch birds," from the source of fowl (n.). Related: Fowled; fowling. Fowling-piece "gun used for shooting wildfowl" is from 1590s.

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Definitions of fowl
1
fowl (v.)
hunt fowl;
fowl (v.)
hunt fowl in the forest;
2
fowl (n.)
a domesticated gallinaceous bird thought to be descended from the red jungle fowl;
Synonyms: domestic fowl / poultry
fowl (n.)
the flesh of a bird or fowl (wild or domestic) used as food;
Synonyms: bird
From wordnet.princeton.edu