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food (n.)

Middle English foode, fode, from Old English foda "food, nourishment; fuel," also figurative, from Proto-Germanic *fodon (source also of Swedish föda, Danish föde, Gothic fodeins), from Germanic *fod- "food," from PIE *pat-, extended form of root *pa- "to feed."

Food chain is by 1915. Food poisoning attested by 1864; food processor in the kitchen appliance sense from 1973; food stamp (n.) is from 1962.

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Definitions of food from WordNet

food (n.)
any substance that can be metabolized by an animal to give energy and build tissue;
Synonyms: nutrient
food (n.)
any solid substance (as opposed to liquid) that is used as a source of nourishment;
food and drink
Synonyms: solid food
food (n.)
anything that provides mental stimulus for thinking;
Synonyms: food for thought / intellectual nourishment
From wordnet.princeton.edu