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fold (v.)

Old English faldan (Mercian), fealdan (West Saxon), transitive, "to bend (cloth) back over itself, wrap up, furl," class VII strong verb (past tense feold, past participle fealden), from Proto-Germanic *falthan, *faldan (source also of Middle Dutch vouden, Dutch vouwen, Old Norse falda, Middle Low German volden, Old High German faldan, German falten, Gothic falþan), from PIE *pol-to-, suffixed form of root *pel- (2) "to fold."

Of the arms, from late Old English. Intransitive sense "become doubled upon itself" is from c. 1300 (of the body); earlier "give way, fail" (mid-13c.). Sense of "to yield to pressure" is from late 14c. The weak conjugation developed from 15c. Related: Folded; folding.

fold (n.1)

"pen or enclosure for sheep or other domestic animals," Old English falæd, falud "stall, stable, cattle-pen," a general Germanic word (cognates: East Frisian folt "enclosure, dunghill," Dutch vaalt "dunghill," Danish fold "pen for sheep"), of uncertain origin. Figurative use by mid-14c.

fold (n.2)

"a bend or ply in anything," mid-13c., from fold (v.). Compare similarly formed Middle Dutch voude, Dutch vouw, Old High German falt, German Falte, Old Norse faldr.

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Definitions of fold
1
fold (n.)
an angular or rounded shape made by folding;
a fold in the napkin
Synonyms: crease / plication / flexure / crimp / bend
fold (n.)
a group of people who adhere to a common faith and habitually attend a given church;
Synonyms: congregation / faithful
fold (n.)
a geological process that causes a bend in a stratum of rock;
Synonyms: folding
fold (n.)
a group of sheep or goats;
Synonyms: flock
fold (n.)
a folded part (as in skin or muscle);
Synonyms: plica
fold (n.)
a pen for sheep;
Synonyms: sheepfold / sheep pen / sheepcote
fold (n.)
the act of folding;
he gave the napkins a double fold
Synonyms: folding
2
fold (v.)
bend or lay so that one part covers the other;
fold up the newspaper
Synonyms: fold up / turn up
fold (v.)
incorporate a food ingredient into a mixture by repeatedly turning it over without stirring or beating;
fold (v.)
cease to operate or cause to cease operating;
Synonyms: close up / close / shut down / close down
fold (v.)
confine in a fold, like sheep;
Synonyms: pen up
fold (v.)
become folded or folded up;
The bed folds in a jiffy
Synonyms: fold up
From wordnet.princeton.edu