Etymology
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foe (n.)

Old English gefea, gefa "foe, enemy, adversary in a blood feud" (the prefix denotes "mutuality"), from adjective fah "at feud, hostile," also "guilty, criminal," from Proto-Germanic *faihaz (source also of Old High German fehan "to hate," Gothic faih "deception"), perhaps from the same PIE source that yielded Sanskrit pisunah "malicious," picacah "demon;" Lithuanian piktas "wicked, angry," peikti "to blame." Weaker sense of "adversary" is first recorded c. 1600.

updated on January 25, 2018

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Definitions of foe from WordNet

foe (n.)
an armed adversary (especially a member of an opposing military force);
Synonyms: enemy / foeman / opposition
foe (n.)
a personal enemy;
they had been political foes for years
Synonyms: enemy
Etymologies are not definitions. From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.