Etymology
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floater (n.)

"one who or that which floats," 1717, agent noun from float (v.). From 1847 in political slang for an independent voter (but with suggestion of purchasability); 1859 as "one who frequently changes place of residence or employment." Meaning "dead body found in water" is 1890, U.S. slang.

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Definitions of floater

floater (n.)
spots before the eyes caused by opaque cell fragments in the vitreous humor and lens;
floaters seem to drift through the field of vision
Synonyms: musca volitans / muscae volitantes / spots
floater (n.)
a debt instrument with a variable interest rate tied to some other interest rate (e.g. the rate paid by T-bills);
floater (n.)
a wanderer who has no established residence or visible means of support;
Synonyms: vagrant / drifter / vagabond / clochard
floater (n.)
an employee who is reassigned from job to job as needed;
floater (n.)
a voter who votes illegally at different polling places in the same election;
floater (n.)
a swimmer who floats in the water;
floater (n.)
an object that floats or is capable of floating;
floater (n.)
an insurance policy covering loss of movable property (e.g. jewelry) regardless of its location;
Synonyms: floating policy
From wordnet.princeton.edu