Etymology
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flagellate (v.)

"to whip, scourge," 1620s, from Latin flagellatus, past participle of flagellare "to scourge, lash" (see flagellum). Related: Flagellated; flagellating. An earlier verb for this in English was flagellen (mid-15c.; see flail (v.)).

flagellate (adj.)

1851, from flagellum + -ate (1).

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Definitions of flagellate
1
flagellate (v.)
whip;
The religious fanatics flagellated themselves
Synonyms: scourge
2
flagellate (n.)
a usually nonphotosynthetic free-living protozoan with whiplike appendages; some are pathogens of humans and other animals;
Synonyms: flagellate protozoan / flagellated protozoan / mastigophoran / mastigophore
3
flagellate (adj.)
having or resembling a lash or whip (as does a flagellum);
Synonyms: flagellated / whiplike / lash-like
From wordnet.princeton.edu