Etymology
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finger (n.)

"terminal or digital member of the hand" (in a restricted sense not including the thumb), Old English finger, fingor "finger," from Proto-Germanic *fingraz (source also of Old Saxon fingar, Old Frisian finger, Old Norse fingr, Dutch vinger, German Finger, Gothic figgrs "finger"), with no cognates outside Germanic; perhaps ultimately from PIE root *penkwe- "five."

As a unit of measure for liquor and gunshot (late Old English) it represents the breadth of a finger, about three-quarters of an inch. They generally are numbered from the thumb outward, and named index finger, fool's finger, leech- or physic-finger, and ear-finger.

finger (v.)

early 15c., "to touch or point to with the finger" (but see fingering (n.1) from late 14c.), from finger (n.). Sense of "play upon a musical instrument" is from 1510s. Meaning "touch or take thievishly" is from 1520s. The meaning "identify a criminal" is underworld slang first recorded 1930. Related: Fingered; fingering. Compare Dutch vingeren, German fingern, Swedish fingra, all from their respective nouns.

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Definitions of finger
1
finger (v.)
feel or handle with the fingers;
finger the binding of the book
Synonyms: thumb
finger (v.)
examine by touch;
The customer fingered the sweater
Synonyms: feel
finger (v.)
search for on the computer;
I fingered my boss and found that he is not logged on in the afternoons
finger (v.)
indicate the fingering for the playing of musical scores for keyboard instruments;
2
finger (n.)
any of the terminal members of the hand (sometimes excepting the thumb);
her fingers were long and thin
finger (n.)
the length of breadth of a finger used as a linear measure;
Synonyms: fingerbreadth / finger's breadth / digit
finger (n.)
one of the parts of a glove that provides covering for a finger or thumb;
From wordnet.princeton.edu