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finance (n.)

c. 1400, "an end, settlement, retribution," from Old French finance "end, ending; pardon, remission; payment, expense; settlement of a debt" (13c.), noun of action from finer "to end, settle a dispute or debt," from fin (see fine (n.)). Compare Medieval Latin finis "a payment in settlement, fine or tax."

The notion is of "ending" (by satisfying) something that is due (compare Greek telos "end;" plural tele "services due, dues exacted by the state, financial means"). The French senses gradually were brought into English: "ransom" (mid-15c.), "taxation" (late 15c.); the sense of "management of money, science of monetary business" first recorded in English 1770.

finance (v.)

late 15c., "to ransom" (obsolete), from finance (n.). Sense of "to manage money" is recorded from 1827; that of "to furnish with money" is from 1866. Related: Financed; financing.

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Definitions of finance from WordNet
1
finance (n.)
the commercial activity of providing funds and capital;
finance (n.)
the branch of economics that studies the management of money and other assets;
finance (n.)
the management of money and credit and banking and investments;
2
finance (v.)
obtain or provide money for;
Can we finance the addition to our home?
finance (v.)
sell or provide on credit;
From wordnet.princeton.edu