Etymology
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film noir (n.)

1958, from French, literally "black film," from noir (12c.), from Latin niger (see Negro).

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Definitions of film noir

film noir (n.)
a movie that is marked by a mood of pessimism, fatalism, menace, and cynical characters;
film noir was applied by French critics to describe American thriller or detective films in the 1940s
From wordnet.princeton.edu