Etymology
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field (n.)

Old English feld "plain, pasture, open land, cultivated land" (as opposed to woodland), also "a parcel of land marked off and used for pasture or tillage," probably related to Old English folde "earth, land," from Proto-Germanic *felthan "flat land" (Cognates: Old Saxon and Old Frisian feld "field," Old Saxon folda "earth," Middle Dutch velt, Dutch veld Old High German felt, German Feld "field," but not found originally outside West Germanic; Swedish fält, Danish felt are borrowed from German; Finnish pelto "field" is believed to have been adapted from Proto-Germanic). This is from PIE *pel(e)-tu-, from root *pele- (2) "flat; to spread." The English spelling with -ie- probably is the work of Anglo-French scribes (compare brief, piece).

As "battle-ground," c. 1300. Meaning "sphere or range of any related things" is from mid-14c. Physics sense is from 1845. Collective use for "all engaged in a sport" (or, in horse-racing, all but the favorite) is 1742; play the field "avoid commitment" (1936) is from notion of gamblers betting on other horses than the favorite. Cricket and baseball sense of "ground on which the game is played" is from 1875. Sense of "tract of ground where something is obtained or extracted" is from 1859. As an adjective in Old English combinations, often with a sense of "rural, rustic" (feldcirice "country-church," feldlic "rural"). Of slaves, "assigned to work in the fields" (1817, in field-hand), opposed to house. A field-trial originally was of hunting dogs.

field (v.)

"to go out to fight," 16c., from field (n.) in the specific sense of "battlefield" (Old English). The sports meaning "to stop and return the ball" is first recorded 1823, originally in cricket; figurative sense of this is from 1902. Related: Fielded; fielding.

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Definitions of field
1
field (n.)
a piece of land cleared of trees and usually enclosed;
he planted a field of wheat
field (n.)
a region where a battle is being (or has been) fought;
Synonyms: battlefield / battleground / field of battle / field of honor
field (n.)
somewhere (away from a studio or office or library or laboratory) where practical work is done or data is collected;
anthropologists do much of their work in the field
field (n.)
a branch of knowledge;
Synonyms: discipline / subject / subject area / subject field / field of study / study / bailiwick
field (n.)
the space around a radiating body within which its electromagnetic oscillations can exert force on another similar body not in contact with it;
Synonyms: field of force / force field
field (n.)
a particular kind of commercial enterprise;
they are outstanding in their field
Synonyms: field of operation / line of business
field (n.)
a particular environment or walk of life;
Synonyms: sphere / domain / area / orbit / arena
field (n.)
a piece of land prepared for playing a game;
the home crowd cheered when Princeton took the field
Synonyms: playing field / athletic field / playing area
field (n.)
extensive tract of level open land;
he longed for the fields of his youth
Synonyms: plain / champaign
field (n.)
(mathematics) a set of elements such that addition and multiplication are commutative and associative and multiplication is distributive over addition and there are two elements 0 and 1;
the set of all rational numbers is a field
field (n.)
a region in which active military operations are in progress;
the army was in the field awaiting action
Synonyms: field of operations / theater / theater of operations / theatre / theatre of operations
field (n.)
all of the horses in a particular horse race;
field (n.)
all the competitors in a particular contest or sporting event;
field (n.)
a geographic region (land or sea) under which something valuable is found;
the diamond fields of South Africa
field (n.)
(computer science) a set of one or more adjacent characters comprising a unit of information;
field (n.)
the area that is visible (as through an optical instrument);
Synonyms: field of view
field (n.)
a place where planes take off and land;
Synonyms: airfield / landing field / flying field
2
field (v.)
catch or pick up (balls) in baseball or cricket;
field (v.)
play as a fielder;
field (v.)
answer adequately or successfully;
The lawyer fielded all questions from the press
field (v.)
select (a team or individual player) for a game;
The Buckeyes fielded a young new quarterback for the Rose Bowl
From wordnet.princeton.edu