Etymology
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fiddle (n.)

"stringed musical instrument, violin," late 14c., fedele, fydyll, fidel, earlier fithele, from Old English fiðele "fiddle," which is related to Old Norse fiðla, Middle Dutch vedele, Dutch vedel, Old High German fidula, German Fiedel "a fiddle;" all of uncertain origin.

The usual suggestion, based on resemblance in sound and sense, is that it is from Medieval Latin vitula "stringed instrument" (source of Old French viole, Italian viola), which perhaps is related to Latin vitularia "celebrate joyfully," from Vitula, Roman goddess of joy and victory, who probably, like her name, originated among the Sabines [Klein, Barnhart]. Unless the Medieval Latin word is from the Germanic ones.

FIDDLE, n. An instrument to tickle human ears by friction of a horse's tail on the entrails of a cat. [Ambrose Bierce, "The Cynic's Word Book," 1906]

Fiddle has been relegated to colloquial usage by its more proper cousin, violin, a process encouraged by phraseology such as fiddlesticks (1620s), contemptuous nonsense word fiddle-de-dee (1784), and fiddle-faddle. Century Dictionary [1895] reports that fiddle "in popular use carries with it a suggestion of contempt and ridicule." Fit as a fiddle is from 1610s.

fiddle (v.)

late 14c., "play upon a fiddle," from fiddle (n.); the figurative sense of "to act nervously, make idle movements, move the hands or something held in them in an idle, ineffective way" is from 1520s. Related: Fiddled; fiddling.

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Definitions of fiddle
1
fiddle (v.)
avoid (one's assigned duties);
Synonyms: shirk / shrink from / goldbrick
fiddle (v.)
commit fraud and steal from one's employer;
fiddle (v.)
play the violin or fiddle;
fiddle (v.)
play on a violin;
Zuckerman fiddled that song very nicely
fiddle (v.)
manipulate manually or in one's mind or imagination;
Don't fiddle with the screws
Synonyms: toy / diddle / play
fiddle (v.)
play around with or alter or falsify, usually secretively or dishonestly;
The reporter fiddle with the facts
Synonyms: tamper / monkey
fiddle (v.)
try to fix or mend;
She always fiddles with her van on the weekend
Synonyms: tinker
2
fiddle (n.)
bowed stringed instrument that is the highest member of the violin family; this instrument has four strings and a hollow body and an unfretted fingerboard and is played with a bow;
Synonyms: violin
From wordnet.princeton.edu