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fertilize (v.)

1640s, "make fertile;" see fertile + -ize. Its biological sense of "unite with an egg cell" is first recorded 1859. Related: Fertilized; fertilizing.

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Definitions of fertilize

fertilize (v.)
provide with fertilizers or add nutrients to;
We should fertilize soil if we want to grow healthy plants
Synonyms: fertilise / feed
fertilize (v.)
make fertile or productive;
The course fertilized her imagination
Synonyms: fecundate / fertilise
fertilize (v.)
introduce semen into (a female);
Synonyms: inseminate / fecundate / fertilise
From wordnet.princeton.edu