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fertile (adj.)

mid-15c., fertil, "bearing or producing abundantly," from Old French fertil (15c.) and directly from Latin fertilis "bearing in abundance, fruitful, productive," from ferre "to bear" (from PIE root *bher- (1) "to carry," also "to bear children"). Fertile Crescent (1914) was coined by U.S. archaeologist James H. Breasted (1865-1935) of University of Chicago in "Outlines of European History," Part I.

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Definitions of fertile from WordNet

fertile (adj.)
capable of reproducing;
fertile (adj.)
intellectually productive;
Synonyms: fecund / prolific
fertile (adj.)
bearing in abundance especially offspring;
Synonyms: prolific
fertile (adj.)
marked by great fruitfulness;
fertile farmland
Synonyms: fat / productive / rich
From wordnet.princeton.edu