female (n.)

early 14c., from Old French femelle "woman, female" (12c.), from Medieval Latin femella "a female," from Latin femella "young female, girl," diminutive of femina "woman, a female" ("woman, female," literally "she who suckles," from PIE root *dhe(i)- "to suck").

WHEN the Himalayan peasant meets the he-bear in his pride,
He shouts to scare the monster, who will often turn aside.
But the she-bear thus accosted rends the peasant tooth and nail.
For the female of the species is more deadly than the male.

Sense extended in Vulgar Latin from young humans to female of other animals, then to females generally. Compare Latin masculus, also a diminutive (see masculine). Spelling altered late 14c. in erroneous imitation of male. In modern use usually as an adjective (early 14c.). Reference to implements with sockets and corresponding parts is from 1660s.

Others are reading

Definitions of female from WordNet
female (adj.)
being the sex (of plant or animal) that produces fertilizable gametes (ova) from which offspring develop;
female holly trees bear the berries
a female heir
female (adj.)
characteristic of or peculiar to a woman;
female sensitiveness
female suffrage
Synonyms: distaff
female (adj.)
for or pertaining to or composed of women or girls;
the female lead in the play
a female chorus
female (n.)
an animal that produces gametes (ova) that can be fertilized by male gametes (spermatozoa);
female (n.)
a person who belongs to the sex that can have babies;
Synonyms: female person