Etymology
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federalist (n.)

1787, American English, "member or supporter of the Federal party in U.S. politics" (originally of supporters of the Philadelphia constitution), from federal + -ist. General sense of "one who supports federal union" is from 1792. The party expired c. 1824. As an adjective by 1801.

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Definitions of federalist
1
federalist (n.)
an advocate of federalism;
2
Federalist (n.)
a member of a former political party in the United States that favored a strong centralized federal government;
From wordnet.princeton.edu