Etymology
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federalism (n.)

1788, "doctrine of federal union in government," American English, from French fédéralisme, from fédéral (see federal). Also, from about the same time and place, "doctrines of the Federalist Party in American politics."

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Definitions of federalism

federalism (n.)
the idea of a federal organization of more or less self-governing units;
From wordnet.princeton.edu