Etymology
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favor (n.)

c. 1300, "attractiveness, beauty, charm" (archaic), from Old French favor "a favor; approval, praise; applause; partiality" (13c., Modern French faveur), from Latin favorem (nominative favor) "good will, inclination, partiality, support," coined by Cicero from stem of favere "to show kindness to," from PIE *ghow-e- "to honor, revere, worship" (cognate: Old Norse ga "to heed").

Meaning "good will, kind regard" is from mid-14c. in English; sense of "act of kindness, a kindness done" is from late 14c. Meaning "bias, partiality" is from late 14c. Meaning "thing given as a mark of favor" is from late 15c. Phrase in favor of recorded from 1560s.

favor (v.)

mid-14c., "to regard with favor, indulge, treat with partiality," from Old French favorer, from favor "a favor, partiality" (see favor (n.)). Meaning "to resemble, look somewhat like" is from c. 1600. Related: Favored; favoring.

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Definitions of favor
1
favor (n.)
an act of gracious kindness;
Synonyms: favour
favor (n.)
an advantage to the benefit of someone or something;
the outcome was in his favor
Synonyms: favour
favor (n.)
an inclination to approve;
that style is in favor this season
Synonyms: favour
favor (n.)
a feeling of favorable regard;
Synonyms: favour
favor (n.)
souvenir consisting of a small gift given to a guest at a party;
Synonyms: party favor / party favour / favour
2
favor (v.)
promote over another;
he favors his second daughter
Synonyms: prefer / favour
favor (v.)
consider as the favorite;
The local team was favored
Synonyms: favour
favor (v.)
treat gently or carefully;
Synonyms: favour
favor (v.)
bestow a privilege upon;
Synonyms: privilege / favour
From wordnet.princeton.edu