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farthingale (n.)

contrivance for extending the skirts of women's dresses, formerly also vardingale, etc., 1550s, from French verdugale, from Spanish verdugado "hooped, hooped skirt," from verdugo "rod, stick, young shoot of a tree," from verde "green," from Latin viridis (see verdure). Originally made with cane hoops or rods. The form perhaps influenced by martingale.

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Definitions of farthingale from WordNet

farthingale (n.)
a hoop worn beneath a skirt to extend it horizontally; worn by European women in the 16th and 17th centuries;
From wordnet.princeton.edu