Etymology
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factory (n.)

1550s, "estate manager's office," from French factorie (15c.), from Late Latin factorium "office for agents ('factors')," also "oil press, mill," from Latin factor "doer, maker," agent noun from past-participle stem of facere "to do" (from PIE root *dhe- "to set, put"). From 1580s as "establishment of merchants and factors in a foreign place." Sense of "building for making goods" is first attested 1610s. Factory farm is attested from 1890.

updated on December 08, 2020

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Definitions of factory from WordNet

factory (n.)
a plant consisting of one or more buildings with facilities for manufacturing;
Synonyms: mill / manufacturing plant / manufactory
Etymologies are not definitions. From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.