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extremity (n.)

late 14c., "one of two things at the extreme ends of a scale," from Old French estremite (13c.), from Latin extremitatem (nominative extremitas) "the end of a thing," from extremus "outermost;" see extreme (adj.), the etymological sense of which is better preserved in this word. Meaning "utmost point or end" is from c. 1400; meaning "limb or organ of locomotion, appendage" is from early 15c. (compare extremities). Meaning "highest degree" of anything is early 15c. Related: Extremital.

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Definitions of extremity from WordNet

extremity (n.)
an external body part that projects from the body;
Synonyms: appendage / member
extremity (n.)
an extreme condition or state (especially of adversity or disease);
extremity (n.)
the greatest or utmost degree;
the extremity of despair
extremity (n.)
the outermost or farthest region or point;
extremity (n.)
that part of a limb that is farthest from the torso;
From wordnet.princeton.edu