Etymology
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extraction (n.)

early 15c., "process of withdrawing or obtaining" (something, from something else), from Old French estraction "extraction, origin" (12c.) or directly from Medieval Latin extractionem (nominative extractio), noun of action from past-participle stem of Latin extrahere "to draw out" (see extract (v.)). Meaning "that which is extracted" is from 1590s. Meaning "descent, lineage" is from late 15c.

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Definitions of extraction

extraction (n.)
the process of obtaining something from a mixture or compound by chemical or physical or mechanical means;
extraction (n.)
properties attributable to your ancestry;
Synonyms: origin / descent
extraction (n.)
the action of taking out something (especially using effort or force);
the dentist gave her a local anesthetic prior to the extraction
From wordnet.princeton.edu