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extract (v.)

"to draw out, withdraw, take or get out, pull out or remove from a fixed position, literally or figuratively," late 15c., from Latin extractus, past participle of extrahere "draw out," from ex "out, out of" (see ex-) + trahere "to draw" (see tract (n.1)). Related: Extracted; extracting.

extract (n.)

mid-15c., "digest or summary of something which has been written at greater length," from Late Latin extractum, noun use of neuter of extractus, past participle of extrahere "to draw out" (see extract (v.)). Physical sense of "that which is extracted," especially "something drawn from a substance by distillation or other chemical process" is from 1580s.

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Definitions of extract
1
extract (v.)
remove, usually with some force or effort; also used in an abstract sense;
extract a bad tooth
extract information from the telegram
Synonyms: pull out / pull / pull up / take out / draw out / rip out / tear out
extract (v.)
get despite difficulties or obstacles;
I extracted a promise from the Dean for two new positions
extract (v.)
deduce (a principle) or construe (a meaning);
Synonyms: educe / evoke / elicit / draw out
extract (v.)
extract by the process of distillation;
Synonyms: distill / distil
extract (v.)
separate (a metal) from an ore;
extract (v.)
obtain from a substance, as by mechanical action;
Synonyms: press out / express
extract (v.)
take out of a literary work in order to cite or copy;
Synonyms: excerpt / take out
extract (v.)
calculate the root of a number;
2
extract (n.)
a solution obtained by steeping or soaking a substance (usually in water);
Synonyms: infusion
extract (n.)
a passage selected from a larger work;
Synonyms: excerpt / excerption / selection
From wordnet.princeton.edu