Etymology
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extirpate (v.)

"root up, root out," 1530s, usually figurative, from Latin extirpatus/exstirpatus, past participle of extirpare/exstirpare "root out, eradicate, pull up by the roots" (see extirpation). Related: Extirpated; extirpating; extirpable.

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Definitions of extirpate

extirpate (v.)
destroy completely, as if down to the roots;
Synonyms: uproot / eradicate / root out / exterminate
extirpate (v.)
pull up by or as if by the roots;
Synonyms: uproot / deracinate / root out
extirpate (v.)
surgically remove (an organ);
From wordnet.princeton.edu