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express (v.1)

late 14c., "represent in visual arts; put into words," from Old French espresser, expresser "press, squeeze out; speak one's mind" (Modern French exprimer), Medieval Latin expressare, frequentative of Latin exprimere "represent, describe, portray, imitate, translate," literally "to press out" (source also of Italian espresso); the sense evolution here perhaps is via an intermediary sense such as "clay, etc., that under pressure takes the form of an image," from ex "out" (see ex-) + pressare "to press, push," from Latin premere "to press, hold fast, cover, crowd, compress" (from PIE root *per- (4) "to strike"). Related: Expressed; expresses; expressing; expressible.

express (adj.)

late 14c., "stated explicitly, not implied, clearly made known" from Old French espres, expres (13c.), from Latin expressus "clearly presented, distinct, articulated precisely," past participle of exprimere (see express (v.1)). Also late 14c. as an adverb, "specially, on purpose;" it also doubled as an adverb in Old French. An express train (1841) originally was one that ran to a certain station.

express (v.2)

"to send by express service," 1716, from express (n.).

express (n.)

1610s, "special messenger," from express (adj.). Sense of "business or system for sending money or parcels" is by 1794.

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Definitions of express
1
express (v.)
give expression to;
Synonyms: show / evince
express (v.)
articulate; either verbally or with a cry, shout, or noise;
She expressed her anger
Synonyms: verbalize / verbalise / utter / give tongue to
express (v.)
serve as a means for expressing something;
Synonyms: carry / convey
express (v.)
indicate through a symbol, formula, etc.;
Can you express this distance in kilometers?
Synonyms: state
express (v.)
manifest the effects of (a gene or genetic trait);
Many of the laboratory animals express the trait
express (v.)
obtain from a substance, as by mechanical action;
Italians express coffee rather than filter it
Synonyms: press out / extract
express (v.)
send by rapid transport or special messenger service;
She expressed the letter to Florida
2
express (n.)
mail that is distributed by a rapid and efficient system;
Synonyms: express mail
express (n.)
public transport consisting of a fast train or bus that makes only a few scheduled stops;
he caught the express to New York
Synonyms: limited
express (n.)
rapid transport of goods;
Synonyms: expressage
3
express (adj.)
not tacit or implied;
her express wish
express (adj.)
without unnecessary stops;
an express train
an express shipment
4
express (adv.)
by express;
please send the letter express
From wordnet.princeton.edu