Etymology
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explanation (n.)

"an act of explaining; a meaning or interpretation assigned," late 14c., explanacioun, from Latin explanationem (nominative explanatio) "an explanation, interpretation," noun of action from past-participle stem of explanare "to make plain or clear, explain," literally "make level, flatten," from ex "out" (see ex-) + planus "flat" (from PIE root *pele- (2) "flat; to spread").

An individual fact is said to be explained, by pointing out its cause, that is, by stating the law or laws of causation of which its production is an instance. Thus. a conflagration is explained, when it is proved to have arisen from a spark falling into the midst of a heap of combustibles. [J.S. Mill, "Logic"]

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Definitions of explanation

explanation (n.)
a statement that makes something comprehensible by describing the relevant structure or operation or circumstances etc.;
the explanation was very simple
Synonyms: account
explanation (n.)
thought that makes something comprehensible;
explanation (n.)
the act of explaining; making something plain or intelligible;
I heard his explanation of the accident
From wordnet.princeton.edu