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existentialism (n.)

1941, from German Existentialismus (1919), replacing Existentialforhold (1849), ultimately from Danish writer Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855), who wrote (1846) of Existents-Forhold "condition of existence," existentielle Pathos, etc. (see existential), and whose name means in Danish, literally, "churchyard" (compare Middle English cognate kirrkegærd (c. 1200), dialectal church-garth).

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Definitions of existentialism

existentialism (n.)
(philosophy) a 20th-century philosophical movement chiefly in Europe; assumes that people are entirely free and thus responsible for what they make of themselves;
Synonyms: existential philosophy / existentialist philosophy
From wordnet.princeton.edu

Dictionary entries near existentialism

exile

exist

existence

existent

existential

existentialism

existentialist

exit

exo-

Exocet

Exodus