Etymology
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espalier (n.)

fan-shaped trellis for ornamental or fruit trees, 1660s, from French espalier (16c.), from Italian spalliera "stake-works shoulder-high," from spalla "shoulder," from Latin spatula (see spatula).

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Definitions of espalier

espalier (n.)
a trellis on which ornamental shrub or fruit tree is trained to grow flat;
From wordnet.princeton.edu