Etymology
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escape (v.)

c. 1300, transitive and intransitive, "free oneself from confinement; extricate oneself from trouble; get away safely by flight (from battle, an enemy, etc.)," from Old North French escaper, Old French eschaper (12c., Modern French échapper), from Vulgar Latin *excappare, literally "get out of one's cape, leave a pursuer with just one's cape," from Latin ex- "out of" (see ex-) + Late Latin cappa "mantle" (see cap (n.)). Mid-14c., of things, "get or keep out of a person's grasp, elude (notice, perception, attention, etc.);" late 14c. as "avoid experiencing or suffering (something), avoid physical contact with; avoid (a consequence)." Formerly sometimes partly Englished as outscape (c. 1500). Related: Escaped; escaping.

escape (n.)

c. 1400, "an act of escaping, action of escaping," also "a possibility of escape," from escape (v.) or from Old French eschap; earlier eschap (c. 1300). Mental/emotional sense is from 1853. From 1810 as "a means of escape." The contractual escape clause recorded by 1939.

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Definitions of escape
1
escape (n.)
the act of escaping physically;
he made his escape from the mental hospital
the canary escaped from its cage
Synonyms: flight
escape (n.)
an inclination to retreat from unpleasant realities through diversion or fantasy;
romantic novels were her escape from the stress of daily life
Synonyms: escapism
escape (n.)
nonperformance of something distasteful (as by deceit or trickery) that you are supposed to do;
that escape from the consequences is possible but unattractive
Synonyms: evasion / dodging
escape (n.)
an avoidance of danger or difficulty;
that was a narrow escape
escape (n.)
a means or way of escaping;
their escape route
hard work was his escape from worry
they installed a second hatch as an escape
escape (n.)
a plant originally cultivated but now growing wild;
escape (n.)
the discharge of a fluid from some container;
they tried to stop the escape of gas from the damaged pipe
Synonyms: leak / leakage / outflow
escape (n.)
a valve in a container in which pressure can build up (as a steam boiler); it opens automatically when the pressure reaches a dangerous level;
Synonyms: safety valve / relief valve / escape valve / escape cock
2
escape (v.)
run away from confinement;
The convicted murderer escaped from a high security prison
Synonyms: get away / break loose
escape (v.)
fail to experience;
Synonyms: miss
escape (v.)
escape potentially unpleasant consequences; get away with a forbidden action;
Synonyms: get off / get away / get by / get out
escape (v.)
be incomprehensible to; escape understanding by;
Synonyms: elude
escape (v.)
remove oneself from a familiar environment, usually for pleasure or diversion;
We escaped to our summer house for a few days
Synonyms: get away
escape (v.)
flee; take to one's heels; cut and run;
The burglars escaped before the police showed up
Synonyms: scat / run / scarper / turn tail / lam / run away / hightail it / bunk / head for the hills / take to the woods / fly the coop / break away
escape (v.)
issue or leak, as from a small opening;
Gas escaped into the bedroom
From wordnet.princeton.edu