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eradicate (v.)

early 15c., "destroy utterly," literally "pull up by the roots," from Latin eradicatus, past participle of eradicare "root out, extirpate, annihilate," from assimilated form of ex "out" (see ex-) + radix (genitive radicis) "root" (from PIE root *wrād- "branch, root"). Related: Eradicated; eradicating; eradicable. The native form of the same idea is in Middle English outrōten "to root (something) out, eradicate" (early 15c.).

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