late 14c., from Medieval Latin aequator (diei et noctis) "equalizer (of day and night)," agent noun from Latin aequare "make equal" (see equate). When the sun is on the celestial equator, twice annually, day and night are of equal length. Sense of "celestial equator" is earliest, extension to "terrestrial line midway between the poles" first recorded in English 1610s.
adjectival word-forming element, variant of -al (1) with connective -i-. From Latin -ialis, in which the -i- originally was from the stem of the word being attached but later came to be felt as connective.
<a href="https://www.etymonline.com/word/equatorial">Etymology of equatorial by etymonline</a>
Harper, D. (n.d.). Etymology of equatorial. Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved $(datetime), from https://www.etymonline.com/word/equatorial