epic (adj.)

1580s, "pertaining to or constituting a lengthy heroic poem," via French épique or directly from Latin epicus, from Greek epikos, from epos "a word; a tale, story; promise, prophecy, proverb; poetry in heroic verse" (from PIE root *wekw- "to speak").

Extended sense of "grand, heroic" is recorded in English by 1731. From 1706 as a noun in reference to an epic poem, "A long narrative told on a grand scale of time and place, featuring a larger-than-life protagonist and heroic actions" [Miller Williams, "Patterns of Poetry"]. Earlier as "an epic poet" (1630s).

I believe the word 'epic' is usually understood by English readers to mean merely a long and grand poem instead of a short slight one—at least, I know that as a boy I remained long under that impression myself. It really means a poem in which story-telling, and philosophical reflection as its accompaniment, take the place of dramatic action, and impulsive song. [Ruskin, "Elements of English Prosody, for use in St. George's Schools," 1880]

updated on July 11, 2021

Definitions of epic from WordNet
epic (adj.)
very imposing or impressive; surpassing the ordinary (especially in size or scale);
an epic voyage
Synonyms: heroic / larger-than-life
epic (adj.)
constituting or having to do with or suggestive of a literary epic;
epic tradition
Synonyms: epical
epic (n.)
a long narrative poem telling of a hero's deeds;
Synonyms: epic poem / heroic poem / epos
Etymologies are not definitions. From, not affiliated with etymonline.