Etymology
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encyclical (adj.)

in reference to ecclesiastical letters meant for wide circulation (for example, a letter sent by a pope to all bishops), 1640s, from Late Latin encyclicus, from Latin encyclius, from Greek enkyklios "in a circle, circular," from en "in" (see in) + kyklos "circle" (from PIE root *kwel- (1) "revolve, move round"). As a noun, from 1837.

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Definitions of encyclical
1
encyclical (n.)
a letter from the pope sent to all Roman Catholic bishops throughout the world;
Synonyms: encyclical letter
2
encyclical (adj.)
intended for wide distribution;
an encyclical letter
From wordnet.princeton.edu